Friday, September 28, 2012

Jolene Got Bred

Jolene Got bred on Sept 28, That makes her due around the 20th of Feb. 2013 

Wednesday, September 26, 2012

Megan got bred

Megan got bred on Sept 26, That would make her due around the 18th of Feb, 2013. 

Monday, September 24, 2012

Jackie Got Bred

 Jackie got bred on Sept 24, That makes her due around the 16th of Feb. 2013.

Sunday, September 2, 2012

Sheep Quiz Bowl Questions

 
Sheep Quiz Bowl Question

 
SHEEP 1 – Questions


1. Where did the sheep breed Columbia develop?
a. U.S.

2. What sheep breed has the special qualities of being a sire breed and having a fast growth rate?
a. Hampshire

3. What breed of sheep can breed out of season?
a. Dorset

4. This all-white sheep breed developed in Scotland and is know for easy lambing and good milking capabilities. What breed is it?
a. Cheviot

5. This breed of sheep has the finest fleece and originated in Spain, what breed is it?
a. Merino

6. Developed in Finland, this very maternal sheep breed usually has a 250 – 400% lamb crop, what breed is it?
a. Finnsheep

7. Name the sheep breed that has a mouse-brown face from England?
a. Southdown

8. What are white-face breeds known as?
a. Ewe breeds

9. Why are white-face breeds known as ewe breeds?
a. Usually used as ewes in crossbred flocks because they produce more wool and milk

10. What are black-face breeds called?
a. Ram breeds

1. Sheep growing diets have about what percent crude protein?
a. 15% - 17%

2. Sheep finishing diets have about what percent crude protein?
a. 12% - 14%

3. At market time a meat lamb should weigh how many pounds?
a. 115 pounds – 135 pounds

4. Which type of lamb takes longer to grow, a market lamb or a wool lamb?
a. Wool lamb

5. What is one sheep judging term?
a. Stronger Topped,
b. Neater and Leaner in the Fore and Rear Flanks,
c. Trimmer thru the throat,
d. chest region along the underline,
e. Longer thru the loin, etc.

 
1. What is one way to prevent Navel Ill in lambs?
a. Immediately after birth, dip navel in tincture of 7% iodine; Disinfect lambing pens
between births

2. How do you prevent pneumonia in sheep?
a. Provide adequate ventilation, prevent drafts, and reduce stress

3. What is the main symptom of scours in sheep?
a. Diarrheal (loose stool) that leads to dehydration

4. How long before lambing should ewes be sheared or crotched?
a. 3 – 4 weeks

5. Why is shearing and crotching done in ewes?
a. To allow for cleaner lambing and no dirty tags for lambs to suck on

6. What is the first thing that should be done when a lamb is born?
a. Clean the nostrils and mouth of uterine membranes to allow newborn lamb to breathe.

1. Name 2 parts of a wool fiber?
a. Tip, shaft, root, epidermis, cortex, medulla

2. About what percent of the live weight of a lamb becomes boneless lamb meat?
a. 33%

3. Name 3 sheep by-products?
a. hair conditioner;
b. animal feeds;
c. buttons;
d. fats for soaps,
e. oil;
f. gelatin for ice cream,
g. wine,
h. beer,
i. jello;
j. glue

1. Wool breed are judged 60% for their wool, and what percent for their conformation?
a. 40%

2. Which type of sheep, wool or market breeds, have their hair coat ‘slick shorn’ when they are shown?
a. Market breeds

1. What term is used to refer to the amount of weight a lamb gains each day?
a. Average Daily Gain (ADG)

2. What is the condition called where a sheep has lost some, but not all, or its teeth?
a. Broken Mouth
 

3. What is docking?
a. Cutting the tails short on baby lambs

4. What is dual purpose sheep breed used for?
a. Both wool and meat

5. What is a female sheep called?
a. Ewe

6. What is a young unborn animal as it develops in the uterus of a mammal called?
a. Fetus

7. What is a flock?
a. Small group of sheep

8. What is mutton?
a. The meat from mature sheep

9. What is the region of the foot or leg between the hoof and dewclaw called?
a. Pastern

10. What is an animal called that is born without horns in a species that sometimes has them?
a. Polled

11. What is another name for progeny?
a. Offspring

12. What are dung locks, floor sweepings or stained pieces of wool called?
a. Tags




SHEEP 2 – Questions




1. Who or what determines the standards for determining yield grades?
a. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)

2. What does cutability mean?
a. The yield of closely trimmed retail cuts from major wholesale cuts of a carcass

3. What is the best yield grade for cutability?
a. One

4. What is the major factor that affects cutability in a carcass?
a. Fatness

5. Where is fatness measured?
a. At the 12 at rib over the rib eye muscle.

 


6. What are animals with a four compartment stomach called?
a. Ruminants

7. Because of their rumen, sheep and cattle can digest what, that monogastrics, such as humans con not?
a. Forage, roughage
 

8. When should lambs be introduced to creep or grain?
a. When they begin nursing.

9. What are 2 signs of lambing?
a. The udder will begin to fill, the ewe will go off by herself, the ewe is restless, the ewe will lie down and get up often, stretching

10. What are 2 possible causes of lamb losses?
a. Not breathing, cold, starvation, pneumonia, scours, Navel Ill, entropion (inverted
eyelids)  rinary calculi (H20 belly)



11. Name one tool used for docking tails on lambs?
a. Emasculator, burdizzo, elastic band

12. How long should the tail be left when docking?
a. At least 2 tailbones long

13. What is a symptom of rectal prolapse?
a. Rectum hangs out

14. What is the disease that causes a lamb to have stiff muscles and a hunched back?
a. White Muscle Disease

15. What is the cause of white muscle disease?




a. Lack of selenium and/or Vitamin E

16. What is another name for entertoxemia?




a. Overeating Disease

17. What disease is the biggest problem in the sheep industry that affects the central nervous system and has no known cure?

a. Scrapie





18. Name 3 keys to prevention of disease?
a. Keep facilities clean, have vaccination program, have adequate housing and space,
provide fresh clean water, feed a balanced diet, control predatorsel rodents, control exposure to other species and new animals, internal and external parasite control.

19. Name a common internal parasite?
a. liver flukes,
b. tape worms,
c. large stomach worms,
d. brown stomach worms
e. stomach hair worms,
f. coccidiosis

20. Name a common external parasite?
a. Ticks, maggots, lice, mosquitoes

21. What term is used to describe practices that are done to ensure that only animals that will produce safe and wholesome meat are being set to market?
a. Quality Assurance

 
22. What are 2 things that should be done with animal medications and drugs to ensure safe use?
a. Record animals treated, dates treated, products administered, how administered,
withdrawal time, properly store and label all animal health products, follow all directions

23. How old are most lambs when they are harvested?
a. 5 – 7 months of age

24. Where in the U.S. is the highest amount of lamb consumed?
a. East and West Coasts

25. What is the term used to describe when a ewe prematurely expels an undeveloped fetus?
a. Abortion

26. What is a birth called which the rear portion of a fetus is presented first?
a. Breech

27. What is a card?
a. A hand tool used to fit show sheep Machine used to separate wool fibers

28. What term describes the natural waviness of wool fiber?

a. Crimp

29. What is the oral administration of a liquid, usually medicine for internal parasites/

a. Drenching

30. What is dystocia?

a. Difficult birth

31. What is an injection given directly into an animal’s bloodstream?

a. Intravenous (IV)

32. Where is an intramuscular (IM) injection given

a. Neck muscle

33. What is the period of time when female mammals are producing mile?

a. Lactation

34. What is a chemical substance that nourishes the body?

a. Nutrient

35. What is another term that refers to sheep?

a. Ovine

36. What is a written statement giving the record of an animal’s ancestry?

a. Pedigree

6




SHEEP 3 – Questions




1. What do you need to give a good set of reasons?

a. Knowledge of ideal sheep, knowledge of names of parts and comparative terms,

knowledge of reasons organization, ability to take good notes, confidence

2. Where is the ovum released from?

a. The follicle on the ovary

3. Where does the ovum go from the ovary?

a. Ovaduct

4. What are two factors that influence fertility in a ewe?

a. Heredity; age of ewe; light, temperature, humidity and season of the year; association

with the ram, nutrition, disease and parasites

5. About how many different breeds of sheep are there in the world?

a. 914

6. What country has the most sheep in the world?

a. Australia

7. About how many sheep are there in the U.S.?

a. 7 million

8. Which 2 states are the highest sheep producing states in the U.S.?

a. Texas and California

9. What are 2 of the most popular sheep breeds in the U.S.?

a. Rambouillet, Columbia, Suffolk and Hampshire

10. Besides dogs, what other animals are used to guard sheep?

a. Llama, donkeys

11. What is the wool from one sheep called?

a. Fleece

12. What is the practice of feeding and managing the ewes so that they are gaining weight

when the breeding season begins?

a. Flushing

13. What is refined wool grease?

a. Lanoline

14. What is the term used to describe exhibiting more that one estrous per year?

a. Polyestrus

15. What is the term used to describe the characteristics of an animal that can be seem or

measured?

a. Phenotype

sheep facts

Sheep originated from wild sheep which include the Mouflon (Europe and Western Asia), the Urial (Asia), the Argali (Asia) and the Bighorn (Asia and North America). Domestic sheep originated from the Mouflon, Urial and Argali. Two wild mouflon populations still exist: the Asiatic mouflon ( living in the mountains of Asia Minor and southern Iran) and the European mouflon (living on the islands of Sardinia and Corsica).
Sheep were domesticated by humans around 10,000 BC. They were among the first animals domesticated. As sheep were raised under tamed conditions, they went through several changes. They began to develop more wool and less hair. The color of the wool and hair changed from brown and shades to whites and black. Their ears became more of a lop ear than an erect ear. The horns that the wild sheep possessed were weakened and disappeared from many breeds. The tails of wild sheep had less vertebrates or bones than the sheep do now. And today's sheep has a smaller brain.

Selection for economically important traits like wool type, has resulted in more than 200 distinct breeds of sheep. Some breeds only have hair, some wool and some both.

Female sheep are called ewes, baby sheep are called lambs, and male sheep are called rams. A group of sheep is called a flock.

Sheep are precocial, gregarious animals. Precocial means that they have a high degree of independence at birth. Gregarious means that they flock together or like to be with a group. Sheep are social animals, but the most important reason they like to flock together is for protection. Some breeds of sheep are more gregarious than others and there are also some solitary breeds.
Sheep are timid, nervous and easily frightened animals and for the most part defenseless against predators like coyotes and wild dogs. Their only means of survival is to flock together in large numbers and to run away from predators. For this reason, shepherds are able to use dogs to move sheep around. Sheep will consider the dog as a predator, flock together for protection and move away from the danger.

Sheep have a flight zone, which is the space they like to keep between themselves and others. The flight distance depends on the situation and on the tameness or wildness of the sheep.

Sheep don't like to walk in water or move through narrow openings. They prefer to move into the wind and uphill than down wind and downhill.

Sheep usually give birth once a year and have 1-3 lambs. They normally live to be about 8 years old, but can sometimes live to be as old as 20. Pregnancy lasts for 147 days.
Lambs form strong bonds with their mothers. They can identify their mother by her bleat.

Lambs have 8 temporary incisors that erupt at approximately 2 months of age. They will be replaced by larger and wider permanent incisors between 12 months and 4 years of age. At this point they will have all their teeth. Sheep don't have top front teeth.

Sheep are ruminants. They have a four-chambered stomach, using the first chamber to store quickly ingested food (cud) which they then bring back into their mouths to chew again before fully digesting it. Sheep spend about a third of their life ruminating and need peace and quiet.

Sheep are very selective in their grazing habits. Sheep have a split in their upper lip, with this they are able to pick the preferred leaves off the plant.

Sheep rank in intelligence just below the pig and even with cattle. They react to situations they encounter using instincts that have developed over centuries.
Sheep see in color. The average sheep has a field of vision of 270 degrees. The visual field can be affected by the amount of wool on the face. They have a poor depth perception. For this reason, sheep will avoid shadows or harsh contrasts between light and dark. They will move towards the light.

Sheep have an excellent sense of hearing. They are more sensitive to high frequency noise than people and get scared by loud noises.

When sheep are on their back they will need to be helped, because they can't get up from that position




















Facts about sheep




1. Sheep were domesticated 10,000 years ago in Central Asia.

2. Sheep production began during biblical times.

3. Raising sheep is the oldest organized industry.

4. Man learned how to spin wool in 3,500 B.C.

5. There are over 40 breeds of sheep in the U.S. and approximately 900
different breeds around the world.

6. Sheep were smuggled into the states during the 16th and 17 centuries to 
develop the wool industry.

7. Along with goats sheep were first brought to America by Columbus
in 1493.

8. The Navajo Churro is the oldest breed of sheep in the U.S.

9. By 1698, America was exporting wool.

10. George Washington raised sheep on his Mount Vernon Estates.

11. President Woodrow Wilson grazed sheep on the White House lawn.

12. The female sheep is called a “ewe.”

13. The male sheep is called a “ram” or “buck.”

14. A castrated male sheep is called a “wether.”

15. A baby sheep is called a “lamb.”

16. The act of giving birth is called “lambing.”

17. The doe can have 1 to 3 lambs per litter.

18. Sheep do not have teeth in their upper front jaw.

19. Sheep have 24 molars and 8 incisors.

20. Sheep were first used for meat, skins, milk and wool. Today they are
still raised for these purposes plus many more.

21. One year’s growth of fleece is about 8 pounds of wool.

22. Wool sheep are usually shorn once a year.

23. Wool that comes directly from the sheep is called “raw wool.” Raw
wool may go through 70 processing steps to make sure it is the
highest quality.

24. Depending on the market, lambs are usually sold between 90-120
pounds.

25. Lamb meat is an exceptional source of vitamins and minerals.

26. Meat from a grown sheep is called “mutton.”

27. A group of sheep is called a flock.

28. Michigan has the largest sheep packing plant east of the Mississippi
River.

29. Sheep have a split in their upper lip which allows them to select the
preferred leaves off a plant.

30. In sheep, the act of breeding is called “tubing.”

31. The act of parturition (giving birth) in sheep is called “lambing.”

32. The weaning age of sheep is generally between 2-3 months of age.

33. The pasture carrying capacity for sheep is generally 5 to 6 ewes and
lambs per acre.

34. An immature male ram is called a “ram lamb” and the female is
referred to as a “ewe lamb.”

35. The birth weight for lambs may range from 5 to 8 pounds.

36. The life expectancy for sheep is between 6 to 11 years.

37. The average body temperature for sheep is 102.5 F.

38. The average respiration rate for sheep is 16 breaths per minute.

39. Sheep generally consume 2 to 4.5 pounds of food daily.

40. Depending on the breed, the mature weight for female ewes range
from 90 to 300 pounds.

41. Like goats, sheep are also seasonal breeders. The best time to breed
is between early fall to late winter. However, there are some breeds
that can be bred year-round (Dorset).

42. Ewes cycle every 14-19 days during the breeding season.

43. The average pulse rate for sheep is 75 heart beats per minute.

44. The duration of estrus is 24 to 36 hours.

45. The time of ovulation is 24-30 from the beginning of estrus.

46. The gestation (pregnancy length) period for ewes is 145-155 days.

47. Breeding per year is 1-2 per year.

48. Depending on the breed, puberty is between 5 to 8 months of age for
ewe lambs and 6 to 8 months for ram lambs.

49. Depending on the breed, the minimum breeding age is between 8 to
10 months for ewes lambs.

50. The mature weight of a ram is between 150 to 450 lbs.

51. One ram can service 30 to 35 ewes during a 60 day breeding season.

53. Sheep are born with long tails. Some producers dock their tails
shortly after they are born.

54. Sheep have two digits on their feet.

55. Sheep milk is often used to make gourmet cheese.

56. The fat (tallow) from sheep can be used to make soap and candles.

57. Sheep are animals that are over one year of age.

58. Lambs are less than one year of age.

59. A yearling is an animal between 1 to 2 years of age that may or may
not have produced offsprings.

60. In some countries, sheep are used for fighting as part of a
celebratory festival such as Eid al adha, a Muslim Festival Sacrifice.

61. Like goats, sheep are susceptible to diseases such as parasites when
they are mismanaged.

62. All sheep make the sound “baa” while goats make the sound “maa.”

63. Lambs can make a high pitched sound called “bleating.”

64. Milk from sheep have higher levels of fat, protein, riboflavin,
calcium, zinc, niacin and thiamine than milk from goats and cows.

65. One pound of wool can make ten miles of yarn.

66. The small intestines of 11 sheep are needed to make 1 tennis racket.

67. There are 150 yards (450 feet) of wool yarn in a baseball.

68. Sheep have poor eyesight, but an excellent sense of hearing.

69. Sheep are considered grazers and goats are mostly browsers.

70. Sheep belong to the family Bovidae (hollowed horn), the genus Ovis
and the species Ovis Aries.

71. Estrus (heat) is the period in which ewes are receptive to mating.
Sheep can be born with or without horns (polled).

72 Normally sheep have two teats and cows have four.

73. Signs of heat in ewes include rapid tail movement in the presence of
the male, nervousness, walking the fence lines, increase vocalization
for the ram, decrease appetite and milk production and redden and
swollen vulua (not easy to detect).

74. Sheep have a four chamber stomach that contains fermenting
bacteria and protozoan that assist in breaking down their food.

75. Rams can be quite aggressive to their handlers during the breeding
season.

76. Sheep are very social creatures.

77. There are very few medications developed for used in sheep.

78. A ruminant is any hoofed animal that digests its food in two steps.
First by eating the raw materials and regurgitating a semi-digested
form known as “cud” then eating the cud. Ruminants include sheep,
goats, cattle, deer, camels, llamas, giraffes, bison, buffalos etc.

79. The top ten states with the largest population of sheep (all sheep
and lamb) are Texas (1,100,000), California (68,000), Wyoming
(43,000), South Dakota (37,000), Colorado (36,000), Montana
(30,000), Utah (26,500), Idaho (26,000), Iowa (25,000) and Oregon
(21,500; NASS, 2005).

80. Healthy lambs can stand within minutes after birth and are able to
move with the herd almost immediately.

81. Domestic sheep are extremly versitile and exist in a wide variety of
habitats worldwide ranging from temperate mountain forests to
desert conditions.

82. The skulls of domesticated sheep differ from those of wild sheep in
that the eye socket and brain case are reduced. Selection for
economically important traits has produced domestic sheep with or
without wool, horns, and external ears. Coloration ranges from
milky white to dark brown and black. There is considerable diversity
among the over 200 distinct breeds of sheep.

83. Copper is regularly used in the diet in sheep at about 8-11 parts per
million. It may be toxic to sheep at 15-20 parts per million. There is
a narrow difference between the amount of copper required and
what will be toxic to the animal. A diet should never have copper
level above 25 parts per million to be safe for most sheep.

84. Domestic sheep are extremely hardy animals and can survive on a
diet consisting of only cellulose, starch or sugars as an energy source
and a nitrogen source which need not be protein. In general, sheep
feed mainly on grasses while in pastures and can be fed a wide
variety of hays and oats.

85. The Navajo-Churro rams can have two, four, six, or more horns.
This is because they possess the polycerate gene, which is also found
in old heritage breeds like the Jacob Sheep. They also have the
ability to have fused horns

86. The Jacob sheep is a breed of primitive multihorned sheep,
patterned with black and white spots.
{1}{2} Jacobs are grown for their wool, their meat, and their hides, but they make good pets as well. As of 2009, Jacobs are listed as threatened by the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy, which means the breed has "fewer than 1,000

annual registrations in the US and estimated fewer than 5,000
global population.

87. Sheep can be milked just like cows. Sheeps' milk is often used to
make gourmet cheeses. Mutton, or the meat of sheep, is another
food product for which the animals may be raised.

88. The fat from sheep also known as tallow, can be used to make both
candles and soap. The tallow is cooked to purify it, and then molded
into candles or further prepared into blocks of soap.

89. Sheep have 2 digits on each foot. The hooves grow like fingernails
and need to be trimmed every few months to maintain normal
conformation.

90. Sheep are ruminants. This means that they have four parts to their
upper digestive tract (people only have one-the stomach) and they
chew their cud.
 
91. Sheep can be set up on their rumps for restraint during procedures
such as foot trimming and shearing.

92. For purpose of cleanliness, the tails are surgically shortened
(docked) shortly after birth. In some parts of the world, tails are left
undocked.
 
93. Short tails are less likely to become soiled with manure and are
therefore, less likely to promote local infections and fly strike

94. There are many different breeds of sheep. They are classified by
what kind of wool they produce. Merino and Rambouillet have fine
wool. Some sheep have coarse or long wool like Cotswold, Romney,
and the Barbados. But most breeds of sheep fall under the category
of medium wool. Examples of sheep in this category include
Columbia, Suffolk, Hampshire, Dorset, Southdown, Cheviot and
Finn.
 
95. When sheep receive a haircut, it is called shearing. The wool that is
cut off is washed to get dirt, insects, and straw that may have stuck to
the sheeps' fur out. The cleaned wool is then dyed to color it. The
wool is combed and spun into yarn

96. When Woodrow Wilson was President, the First Lady had sheep
graze on the White House lawn to keep it neat and well trimmed.

97. President James Madison wore an inaugural jacket made from the
wool of sheep raised on his Virginia farm.

98. If you see a sheep on its back, lend a hand! A sheep can’t get up from
that position. If left on its back too long, it will eventually die.

99. A one-year old sheep is called a hogget

100. A two-year old sheep is called a two-tooth.

102. Sheep only have lower teeth that press against an upper palette.